The REFEDS Research and Scholarship Entity Category (R&S) has been designed as a simple and scalable way for Identity Providers to release minimal amounts of required personal data to Service Providers serving the Research and Scholarship Community.

As an Entity Category, Services that share the common criteria described in the R&S specification are tagged by federation operators that have briefly audited the Service Providers to ensure they meet certain criteria. Once tagged, Identity Providers can safely release a small set of data to these providers with the knowledge it meets minimal requirements and privacy requirements.

R&S meets the requirements of privacy by design, but also meets the ongoing need to allow personal data to flow in controlled environments to support the needs of users.

Why should I join? What are the <a href="">benefits for IdPs</a>? What are the benefits for SPs?
R&S v1.3
View the <a href="">R&S Entity Category</a> 
Need <a href="">help</a>? 
Legal Support
<a href="">Legal Justifications</a> for Data Release

Audit and Complaints

REFEDS carries out a lightweight annual audit of Service Providers tagged with R&S to review whether they have been given the tag appropriately.  If you believe a Service Provider has been incorrectly tagged or is misusing the tag, please contact us.  All complaints are investigated and reviewed by the REFEDS SC.


Research and Scholarship is currently supported within 39 Identity Federations.  For more information and to find out if your local federation supports R&S, please see the eduGAIN Technical database